One of the most important achievements has been to ensure the continuity of the independent judicial system in Hong Kong, including agreements in the areas of commercial navigation, civil aviation, nuclear materials, whale fishing, underwater telegraph, space and many others. It also agreed to a network of bilateral agreements between Hong Kong and other countries. Under these agreements, agreements were reached for the continued implementation of some 200 international conventions to HKSAR after 30 June 1997. Hong Kong is expected to continue to participate in various international organizations after the handover. The Prime Minister said: “We have made it clear that if China continues on this path, we will open a new path of entry into the UK for those with British citizenship, which would give them limited leave to live and work in the UK, and then apply for citizenship, and that is what we are going to do now.” Some political analysts felt that an agreement was urgently needed, as there were fears that Hong Kong`s economy would collapse untreated in the 1980s. Concerns about land ownership in the new leased territories also contributed to the problem. Although discussions on Hong Kong`s future began in the late 1970s, the final date of the joint declaration was influenced by factual and economic factors rather than geopolitical imperatives. [9] On October 14, 2020, the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs released a report in which Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, in agreement with Finance Minister Steven Mnuchin, concluded that 10 individuals contributed significantly to China`s failure to meet its obligations under the joint statement of China and Britain and the Hong Kong Fundamental Law.

Xia Baolong, Zhang Xiaoming, Luo Huining, Carrie Lam, Teresa Cheng, Erick Tsang, Zheng Yanxiong, Eric Chan, John Lee and Chris Tang. [45] Xia, Zhang and Luo were explicitly accused of having “made statements reaffirming their authority to oversee Hong Kong`s internal affairs, contrary to the Fundamental Law and the joint declaration of the Chinese and British, in reference to the role of their respective functions.” [45] The Central Government Liaison Office and the State Council`s Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office stated, April 17, 2020 and April 21, 2020 that the two offices that “represent the central government” have the power to monitor important issues concerning the relationship between the central government and HKSAR, the correct implementation of the “single country” principle and the basic law , maintaining the normal exploitation of political systems, the general interests of society, etc.” [46] [47] The joint statement states that the Hong Kong Special Unit “will be placed under the direct supervision of the central government of the People`s Republic of China” and “will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defence policy”; the text itself contains no language prohibiting Beijing surveillance. [48].

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